鬼谷子下山青花大罐赏析

时间:2021-07-26 19:36:59         来源:网络

【藏品名称】:鬼谷子下山青花大罐

[collection name]: Guiguzi downhill blue and white pot

【藏品类别】:瓷器

[collection type]: porcelain

【藏品简介】:中国是瓷器的故乡,瓷器是中国劳动人民的一个重要的创造。瓷器的发明是中华民族对世界文明的伟大贡献,在英文中“瓷器(china)”与中国(China)同为一词,足以证明瓷器在世界上所占重要性!其中,青花瓷作为陶瓷装饰历史上重要发明之一,创烧于元代,明朝时期盛行。

[collection introduction]: China is the hometown of porcelain, and porcelain is an important creation of the Chinese working people. The invention of porcelain is a great contribution of the Chinese nation to world civilization. In English, "China" is the same word as China, which is enough to prove the importance of porcelain in the world! Among them, blue and white porcelain, as one of the important inventions in the history of ceramic decoration, was created and burned in the Yuan Dynasty and prevailed in the Ming Dynasty.

青花的纹饰最大特点是构图丰满,层次多而不乱。笔法以一笔点划多见,流畅有力;勾勒渲染则粗壮沉着。主题纹饰的题材有人物、动物、植物、诗文等。动物有龙凤、麒麟、鸳鸯、游鱼等。所画龙纹为小头、细颈、长身、三爪或四爪、背部出脊、鳞纹多为网格状,矫健而凶猛。明朝时期青花瓷大改传统瓷器含蓄内敛风格,以鲜明的视觉效果,给人以简明的快感。以其大气豪迈气概和艺术原创精神,将青花绘画艺术推向顶峰,确立了后世青花瓷的繁荣与长久不衰。

The biggest feature of blue and white decoration is that the composition is plump, with many levels without disorder. The strokes are more common with one stroke, smooth and powerful; Outline rendering is strong and calm. The themes of theme decoration include characters, animals, plants, poetry and so on. Animals include dragon and Phoenix, unicorn, mandarin duck, swimming fish, etc. The dragon patterns painted are small head, thin neck, long body, three or four claws, ridge on the back, and scale patterns are mostly grid shaped, vigorous and fierce. During the Ming Dynasty, blue and white porcelain greatly changed the implicit and restrained style of traditional porcelain, giving people a concise pleasure with distinctive visual effects. With its heroic spirit and original artistic spirit, it pushed the blue and white painting art to the peak and established the prosperity and long-term prosperity of blue and white porcelain in future generations.

 

此罐素底圈足,直口短颈,唇口稍厚,溜肩圆腹,肩以下渐广,至腹部下渐收,至底微撇;器型整体为青花纹饰。

The pot has a plain bottom, a ring foot, a straight mouth, a short neck, a slightly thick lip, a smooth shoulder and a round abdomen, gradually extending below the shoulder, gradually retracting under the abdomen, and slightly skimming at the bottom; The whole type is decorated with blue and white patterns.

1、材料:由瓷土加高岭土“二元配方”合成,胎骨较白,稍含灰,手感沉重,致密坚硬。

2、造型:直口短颈,溜肩圆腹,腹部下渐收,至底微撇,此采用分段制胎,然后再用胎泥粘合而成,粘接处器表突起,给人以不平之感,外壁接痕经打磨,但内壁接痕仍清晰可见,器物颈部内侧略加切削,内壁均不修削,器内的底、腹、口等处接痕明显。

3、装饰:青花纹饰,分四层,一层颈部饰水波纹,二层肩部饰缠枝牡丹,三层腹部为“鬼谷子下山”主题纹饰,四层下部为变形莲瓣纹内绘琛宝,俗称“八大码”。主题画面描述了孙膑的师傅鬼谷子在齐国使节苏代的再三请求下,下山搭救被燕国围困的齐国名将孙膑和独孤陈的故事。整个青花纹饰呈色浓艳,画面饱满,疏密有致,主次分明,浑然一体。人物刻画流畅自然,神韵十足。

1. Materials: it is synthesized by "binary formula" of porcelain clay and kaolin. The fetal bone is white, slightly gray, heavy, dense and hard.2. Modeling: straight mouth and short neck, sliding shoulder and round abdomen, gradually retracting under the abdomen and slightly skimming to the bottom. This is made of segmented tire, and then bonded with tire mud. The surface of the bonding part is protruding, giving people a sense of unevenness. The connection mark of the outer wall is polished, but the connection mark of the inner wall is still clearly visible. The inner side of the neck of the utensil is slightly cut, the inner wall is not trimmed, and the connection mark of the bottom, abdomen and mouth in the utensil is obvious.3. Decoration: blue and white decoration is divided into four layers. The neck of the first layer is decorated with water ripple, the shoulder of the second layer is decorated with tangled peony, the abdomen of the third layer is decorated with the theme of "ghost millet going down the mountain", and the lower part of the fourth layer is painted with deformed lotus petal pattern, which is commonly known as "eight sizes". The theme picture describes the story of Guiguzi, Sun Bin's master, who went down the mountain to rescue the famous Qi generals Sun Bin and Dugu Chen besieged by the state of Yan at the repeated request of the state of Qi's envoy Su Dai. The whole blue and white patterns are colorful, the picture is full, dense, clear primary and secondary, and integrated. The characterization is smooth, natural and full of charm.

 

明朝时期青花的制作工艺与绘画技法,无疑是世界顶尖,而在拍卖会上,青花由于传世稀少、制作精细、等特点,屡屡拍出天价,就在2005年,一件“鬼谷下山图”瓷罐拍出了1568.8万英镑(大约相当于2.3亿元人民币)的天价。而此明代青花鬼谷子下山大罐,无论瓷胎质地、青花发色都有不俗的表现,且所绘人物情节逼真传神,在制胎、绘画、烧造等方面都达到了炉火纯青的地步,其价值难以估量。

The production technology and painting techniques of blue and white in the Ming Dynasty are undoubtedly the top in the world. At the auction, the blue and white in the Ming Dynasty repeatedly sold at a sky high price due to the characteristics of rare inheritance, fine production and. Just in 2005, a porcelain pot of "ghost Valley down the mountain" sold at a sky high price of 15.688 million pounds (about 230 million yuan). This large pot of blue and white Guiguzi down the mountain in the Ming Dynasty has a good performance in terms of porcelain body texture and blue and white hair color, and the plot of the characters is lifelike and vivid. It has reached the level of perfection in tire making, painting and firing, and its value is inestimable.

 

明代制瓷,在我国制瓷史上,正处于一个承上启下时期。这一时期的标志物,则是当时的青花瓷。它不仅是我国材料史的变革期,也是我国装饰工艺的变革期,同时也是中国人一场审美意识、审美标准的变革。此鬼谷子下山大罐正是这一时期中的代表物件,它对于研究我国制瓷中的相关历史信息及当时的政治、经济、文化、科技、民族政策、审美等提供了重要的实物依据。同时,《青花鬼谷子下山图罐》作为明代制瓷中的一件大的陶瓷艺术品,在当时及今后都有着不可替代性。它不仅是我国,也是人类发展史上重要的精神财富。此外,随着时间的推移,由于瓷器的易碎性,眼前这件完美无缺的藏品将越发显得弥足珍贵!

Porcelain making in the Ming Dynasty is in a connecting period in the history of porcelain making in China. The symbol of this period is blue and white porcelain at that time. It is not only the transformation period of China's material history, but also the transformation period of China's decoration technology, but also a transformation of Chinese aesthetic consciousness and aesthetic standards. This Guiguzi downhill pot is a representative object in this period. It provides an important material basis for studying the relevant historical information in China's porcelain making and the politics, economy, culture, science and technology, national policy and aesthetics at that time. At the same time, as a large ceramic work of art in the Ming Dynasty, the pot of blue and white Guiguzi going down the mountain is irreplaceable at that time and in the future. It is not only China, but also an important spiritual wealth in the history of human development. In addition, with the passage of time, due to the fragility of porcelain, this perfect collection will become more and more precious!

 

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